Categorías
América Latina COVID-19

Corona, epidemics, and the Americas. Eine umfassende Linksammlung

Das Zentrum für Inter-Amerikanische Studien an der Universität Graz hat zum Thema der Corona-Pandemie in den Amerikas eine Linksammlung zusammengestellt, die Interessierten die Arbeit über die Pandemie in den Amerikas erleichtern oder einfach nur wertvolle Informationen vermittelt.

LINK COLLECTION

Categorías
América Latina COVID-19 Perú

The impact of the Covid-19 in indigenous zones in Latin America

Racialized and impoverished communities are suffering the strongest impact of the virus. Facing the habitual governmental distance lots of indigenous communities throughout Latin America are strongly suffering the impact. 

It is important to extend support particularly in these times and to look after the many initiatives that have arisen in order to counter this situation.

Useful links:

Campaña 300 desenhos

Campaña Dibujos por la Amazonia

(Drawing by peruvian artist Piero Quijano)

Categorías
COVID-19 Perú

Cuando el 70% de un país se gana la vida en lo que se pueda

Foto: https://www.tagesschau.de/

Perú viene siendo un ejemplo de cómo el crecimiento económico sin redistribución y justicia social tiene efectos perjudiciales para la sociedad en conjunto. –”O me muero intentándolo o nos morimos de hambre”, dice una madre que acaba de emprender un viaje de cientos de millas a pie junto a sus tres hijas, durmiendo a la intemperie y caminando desde Lima hasta su comunidad en la selva amazónica, huyendo de la pobreza y del virus. Miles de personas llevan semanas caminando por el territorio peruano en pleno toque de queda, son migrantes que retornan a sus pueblos porque ya no pueden ganarse la vida en la capital del Perú, no pueden asumir la cuarentena, ni pagar los alquileres, ni los servicios, ni la alimentación de sus niños. Los han botado de sus casas pero tampoco pueden cobrar las ayudas del gobierno porque trabajan en la venta ambulante y no son formales.

When 70% of a country makes a living in whatever is possible

Peru is an example of how economic growth without redistribution and social justice has detrimental effects for society as a whole. –”Either I die trying or we starve,” says one mother who has just undertaken a journey of hundreds of miles on foot with her three daughters, sleeping outdoors and walking from Lima to her community in the Amazon jungle, fleeing poverty and the virus. Thousands of people have been walking through Peruvian territory for weeks in the middle of the curfew, they are migrants who return to their villages because they can no longer make a living in the capital of Peru, they can’t assume the quarantine, nor pay the rents, nor the services, nor the food for their children. They have been thrown out of their homes but they cannot collect government aid either because they work in street vending and are not formal.

Tomado de El caso peruano no tiene nada de paradójico

Categorías
COVID-19 protestas

Post quarantine scenarios: Is there space for political transformation?

Considering that this text was published by Jacobin at the beginning of the quarantine, and the strength of the response to George Floyd’s murder in the US, it is clear that 2020 will continue bringing people to the streets, especially when the pandemic has shown the extremely precarious seams that hold social reproduction in capitalism.

“The Center for Strategic and International Studies, a center-right think tank, has attempted to nail down the phenomenon with a new report called “The Age of Mass Protests: Understanding a Global Trend.” The paper’s authors analyzed data from across the globe and found that the current period of mass protests dwarfs any that has come before in size and frequency. Each year between 2009 and 2019, the number of mass protests increased annually by an average of 11.5 percent.

The protests are growing bigger, too, both in terms of sheer numbers and proportion of the broader population. Last year over a million people protested in Santiago and two million protested in Hong Kong. The authors’ regional analysis showed that sub-Saharan Africa saw the largest spike in mass demonstrations over the last decade, followed by South America, while Oceania saw the smallest, followed by Asia. Every region of the world saw an increase.

And wealthy, developed capitalist nations were far from immune. The rate of increase in mass protests in North America and Europe was higher than the global average. The United States has been a hotbed of dissent, especially since the advent of the Trump administration. Even accounting for population growth, the authors estimate that the relative number of people who participated in protests from Donald Trump’s inauguration to the present day is higher than the relative numbers who participated in the Civil Rights Movement or the anti–Vietnam War protests. The period from January 20, 2017 to January 1, 2020 included the five largest protests in US history.

The study’s authors cited several potential reasons for the spike in protest. Internet access and social media is clearly of critical importance, a consensus that emerged early in the decade during the Arab Spring. So too are global youth unemployment and underemployment, intensifying global economic inequality, growing perception of corruption and loss of faith in political leadership, increased education which leads to higher political awareness and engagement, and environmental stress and climate change. The latter have not only elicited mass protests themselves but have also destabilized regional economies and political regimes, spurring mass demonstrations as well as displacing rural people, sending them to cities where they are more likely to participate in protests.”

Source: A Brief Intermission in the Age of Unrest

Categorías
América Latina COVID-19 protestas

Escenarios Post cuarentenas: ¿hay espacio para la transformación política?

La Cepal, Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe, estima que “el producto interior bruto (PIB) de la región se contraerá un 5,3 % este año, que habrá 11,6 millones de nuevos desempleados y 215 millones de pobres, pues la tasa de pobreza pasará del 30,3 % al 34,7 % de la población.” 

“Para mitigar los devastadores efectos de la pandemia, la Cepal pidió este martes a los Gobiernos latinoamericanos implementar “inmediatamente” una renta básica que permita a la población más golpeada sobrevivir mientras dure la crisis del coronavirus, que mantiene a la mayoría de las economías de la región a medio gas. La propuesta del organismo es que el denominado ingreso básico de emergencia (IBE) tenga una duración de al menos seis meses y sea equivalente a una línea de pobreza, que supone aproximadamente 143 dólares mensuales. La medida, que en principio solo beneficiaría a los 215 millones de personas en situación de pobreza, supondría un gasto adicional del 2,1 % del PIB regional.”

“”Si la ciudadanía ve que esta crisis fue el shock necesario para cambiar de mentalidad y de modelo de desarrollo, podremos tener un mejor futuro”, indicó en una entrevista a Efe la secretaria ejecutiva del organismo dependiente de la ONU, Alicia Bárcena. Por el contrario, agregó, “si los Gobiernos están pensando en volver a lo que había antes, ahí es donde se va a desatar la crisis social nuevamente porque no queremos volver a tanta desigualdad y a tantas brechas estructurales”.”

Tomado de “Las protestas volverán a América Latina si la respuesta a la pandemia es insuficiente.”

Categorías
COVID-19 extractivismo

Moon mining, the meaning of “value” and the collective good

Amidst the Covid-19 pandemic, the U.S. Signed Order to Mine on the Moon

On the anniversary of Yuri Gagarin’s first journey into space, the US Executive Order, stipulating that Americans should have the right to use the resources of space, was received as outrageous. The order encourages US companies to mine the Moon and other celestial bodies for resources and the US has had a longstanding interest in mining resources in outer space. According to different media, the US will oppose any international effort to bar it from removing chunks of moon, Mars or elsewhere in space. The US-sponsored international Artemis Accords has not been shared, but proposes ‘safety zones’ around future moon bases.

The order to mine the Moon shows how prevailing neoliberal ideas about ‘value’ impose themselves over the collective good. 

Photograph: James Crombie/INPHO/REX/Shutterstock

Sources:

President Trump wants US companies to mine the Moon

Trump’s scheme to sell the Moon

Outer space moon mining

Trump order encourages US to mine the moon

Why Trump wants to mine on the Moon?

Artemis Accords

This is how NASA will mine the moon 

Trump Signs Executive Order to Mine the Moon for Minerals